Dental Care in Pregnancy to Prevent Premature Rupture of the Membranes, Preterm Birth, Stillbirth & Low Birth Weight
Dental hygiene is especially important in pregnancy and postpartum. During the childbearing year, there is an increased risk of having issues with your teeth and/or gums. Having issues with your teeth and/or gums can put your baby at risk for preterm birth, premature rupture of the membranes, stillbirth and low birth weight. Dental hygiene and care may prevent gum and teeth problems, including cavities & gum (periodontal disease).
Periodontal disease is an infection caused by bacteria via plaque build up. Bacteria is thought to get in the bloodstream and cross over to the placenta. Bleeding of the gums is a sign of periodontal disease.
Daily dental care:
Additionally you may choose to:
Care after vomiting:
If you are having excessive bleeding of your gums, a periodontal treatment may be performed at a dentist. Routine x-rays should be avoided, but if x-rays are necessary, a special apron should be worn to cover your belly and neck (thyroid).
Necessary dental work can be done during pregnancy, but its best to avoid it in the first trimester.
Han, Y. (2010). Oral Health and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes – What’s Next? Journal of Dental Research, 90(3), 289–293. doi: 10.1177/0022034510381905
Mark, A. M. (2018). Dental care during pregnancy. The Journal of the American Dental Association, 149(11), 1001. doi: 10.1016/j.adaj.2018.09.006
Stadelmann, P. F. M., Eick, S., Salvi, G. E., Surbek, D., Mohr, S., Bürgin, W., … Sculean, A. (2014). Increased periodontal inflammation in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes. Clinical Oral Investigations, 19(6), 1537–1546. doi: 10.1007/s00784-014-1371-6
Steinberg, B. J., Hilton, I. V., Iida, H., & Samelson, R. (2013). Oral Health and Dental Care During Pregnancy. Dental Clinics of North America, 57(2), 195–210. doi: 10.1016/j.cden.2013.01.002
Celeste Groenenberg BSM, CPM, LM
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